Normal Aging Normal aging may come with some degree of cognitive decline across the population. This normal decline can affect processing speed (thinking speed), attention, memory and some executive functions like mental flexibility. Normal aging may also cause some forgetfulness but does not generally lead to significant memory loss. Memory loss may be defined as the lack of ability to consistently recall information. Normal aging does not generally affect one’s ability to perform the activities of daily living.
Mild Cognitive Impairment Mild Cognitive Impairment is a collection of symptoms. It may be described as a cognitive decline that is greater than normal aging but that does not interfere in a notable way with daily activities. Approximately 15% to 20% of the population over 65 years of age experiences symptoms related to Mild Cognitive Impairment. Not all people with Mild Cognitive Impairment necessarily progress to develop dementia. It is important to understand that Mild Cognitive Impairment can be recognized as a risk state for dementia. The diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment can lead to the acknowledgment and treatment to control risk factors.